User rating5 / 5

History of Roulette - From Chinese footprint to France in 17th-18th century to modern days

The History of Roulette - France 17th-18th century to modern daysThe history of Roulette is not a straight-line development process. Shreds of legitimate information, bits of gossips and legends, some exaggerations, and fake segments - they are all entangled into the chronicle of Roulette. 

We should account that there are several pieces of evidence dating approximately 1000 years, exhibiting Roulette elements, gathered from different places on the globe, and many countries/people are professing themselves as the actual creators/authors of the great game. Many ancient civilizations have known or created elements that can be linked to Roulette. For example:

  • 1) Some religious or spiritual actions, based on the principle of rotating or stationary disc with carved symbols or images, including identifying the shooter or settling lots, or
  • 2) Some ancient used for sorcery devices consisting of a circular disk on a pivot, where lots have been cast, or 
  • 3) Some archaic divination via rotating of a painted on the ground motionless circle with an impel arrow.

So, it is difficult to tell apart all the factual of the fictional versions about the initial discovery of Roulette. However, we will try to shed light on this article, interpreting some of the most widespread/common stories. 

Best no deposit bonus free spins at online casinos Canada

In this paragraph, we will introduce you to the best Canadian online casino promotions about no deposit bonuses in the form of free spins. You will just need to register in the following casinos to get your free bonus. In the first place, we recommend you the most trusted casino - get your 15 free spins (no deposit bonus) at Fastpay Casino and enjoy super-fast withdrawals. Our second offer is to click here and grab 15 free spins (no deposit bonus) for sign up at Casino4U - enjoy problem-free payouts. The third recommended online casino offer is to go to Instantpay Casino and get 15 free spins without any deposit, just for registration - they will send the winnings instantly. At last but not least is to get 15 free spins casino no deposit bonus at Wildblaster - they will offer perfect customer support and fast payouts.

Roulette and the Chinese footprint

Roulette and the Chinese footprintThere are some Chinese records from around 1000 years ago about a game fashionable among the Tibetan monks that work on the principle of the Roulette game. The playing field is a circular shape divided into 666 square sections, and on the brim of the circle were located 37 different animal figures. Unfortunately, except for the fact that the game was beloved by the religious clerics and approved by the Chinese authorities, not much of the instructions or game stage setting had survived.

The story of this popular game of chance got mixed and flew to another era and a different Chinese province. Allegedly, the notion of the impressive monk's game was taken over by the priests of the Dominican Order (Roman-Catholic Order with missions in China in the 16th -18th century), where after undergone some changes, it started to resemble the modern Roulette.

Roulette and different French adaptations

  • France 17th-18th century

Cardinal Mazarin, a person reckless and resourceful at the same, known for his major diplomatic and military victories, along with being the pioneer of the contemporary international law and patron of the arts in Paris, was also famous for his extreme gambling habits and setting up the first Public/Royal Lottery. Not for nothing was he called 'the father of the French Roulette.'

Besides being heavily addicted and in debt the first part of his life, the famous Cardinal was passionate to entice all his friends and acquaintances to the excitement of the hazard, reckoning that the Roulette game could be not only a great recreational and social event but from there could also spring an enormous profit for the states' treasury.

That's why he legitimized the operations at the French gambling houses, even passed some laws, setting the rules and conditions, which will ultimately secure the growth and popularity of the gambling establishments in France at the end of the 18th century. Laying the foundations and further development of the gambling branch as ‘industry’ the successor of Cardinal Richelieu. 

The favourite game of the Cardinal and his assistants was the game HAWK (originally from Italy), which is considered by some historians the initial version of the present-day Roulette. The concept of the game was this: a gaming table is a circle with 40-holes. To each opening was designated a number (1 to 37, tinted in 2 colours, plus 3 holes assigned as ‘0’ holes), and at the center of the ring-shaped playing field, there was an axis of rotation of a wheel with spokes and orbits, to be followed, between which a small ball was in motion.

During the spinning, through the spokes, the ball had 3 chances of hitting (3 areas).In case the ball was touching a (1) section with an even number, the player wins, and in case the ball following the orbit, but striking directly or slightly brushing a (2) sector with an odd number, the prize went to the gambling establishment. That same - house win - happened when the ball hit any of the ‘0’ openings (3). All this shows the great profits began to pile for the gambling shops and, respectively, for Louis the XIV‘s treasury by overcharging the customers/gamblers.

  • Pascal's imprint on the Roulette pages

PascalIn the 17th century, the French physicist, mathematician, and inventor Blaise Pascal conducted experiments with a perpetual moving wheel (and a ball running with it) - a device operating unceasingly with no external source of charge. The laws of physics obviously screamed - 'perpetual motion - impossible.' Still, being a founder and explorer, Mr. Pascal was going against all traditional opinions and aiming at defying the odds of nature. Alas, his experiment failed, but the process became known as the genesis of Roulette.

Other stories involving the great erudite were less popular. Still, they include reports for popularizing a game of chance named ‘Wheel of Pascal, ‘or mathematically solving a lotto scheme, via the probability of winning with 36 tickets. No matter what the true description of events was, what important is that Pascal is undeniably related to the history of Roulette and that around the 17th -18th century, this entertaining game manifested itself as a glorious affair not only at the salons of elite secular aristocracy but becoming the most important game at every casino and gambling establishment in Paris.

  • Other French influences in the history of Roulette

Further development of Roulette in the French 18th-19th century society (during the Napoleonic era) contributed to the famous Perrin brothers' gamble houses. The multiple casinos of the brothers from Lyon in the capital city and several other localities promoted the Roulette for the first time with the opportunity to bet on odd and even numbers, together with placing stakes on the dozen columns and on zero.

Police link in the history of Roulette

Police link in the history of RouletteAnother publicly spread tale leading to the additional enforcement of the Roulette is the input of Paris' criminal police. France of the 18th century was overcrowded with card swindlers, which pushed the chief of the French police Gabriel de Sartin to a desperate measure via one unconventional idea in the struggle with the escalating trickery methods. He started to endorse the entertaining game of chance - Roulette as an alternative to the card games.

To minimize the risk of cheating and game manipulation, he proposed substituting all card games with Roulette, where servants of the gambling house should impose the rules, restricting the human factor. His suggestion worked well, making the Roulette super popular and seriously mending the country's crime numbers. It seems that the French police fought the corrupt gambling using the 'lesser evil' compared to the card scams, creating very favourable conditions for the Roulette game on the way.

Meanwhile, the game was widely admissible, highly respected, and desired at any Western European gambling establishment of the 19th century. However, different institutions offered different house-versions of the Roulette: with 1 zero, 2 zeros, or no zero at all.

Enigmatic/Diabolic Roulette myth

Enigmatic/Diabolic Roulette mythAfter initially gaining momentum in Europe and its colonies in the New World, Roulette undergoes yet another remodelling in the last part of the 19th century. The widespread game model was with 38 sectors - numbers from 1 to 36 and 2 extra sectors: 0 and 00, the objective of which is to institute the benefits of the gambling house.

However, in 1843, the brothers Francois and Louis Blanc vehemently sought ways to get rid of the competition and decided to present to the players of Bad Homburg - a German spa town, their own Roulette wheel with only one sector 0. To everyone's astonishment, this dramatically increased the chances of winning and logically affected Roulette's model popularity.

The older Roulette version endured agony, making the establishments of the enterprising brothers so triumphant that rumours became spreading of Blanc brothers - making a deal with the devil, selling their souls for the secret of Roulette. Instead of hurting the brothers (or perhaps spread by them initially), these rumours worked as an extra advertisement for their gambling houses and for the Roulette popularity in general.

Thus, began a new phase in the history of Roulette when the advantage of the gambling institution has been reduced due to the single zero. However, besides the possible fabricated and authentic elements of the story, the sum of all the numbers on the Roulette wheel is 666, which symbolizes the devil's favourite number in many cultures.

Roulette and the New World

  • The journey of the Roulette

With the wave of emigration flooding the European colonies of the New World (mid 19th century), the game of Roulette moved overseas as well. Especially on the American continent, the popularity gained was of enormous size. First, the Roulette advanced to Mississippi, crossed the Wild West, and passed a triumphant march toward the Pacific Ocean. During California's Gold Rush, the adoption and recognition of Roulette in the American world were at last finalized.

  • The reasons for the Roulette success in America

Most of the gold miners, becoming extremely rich in a few short months, sought entertainment rather than ways for investments. That's how gambling turned to be their favourite leisure time activity, where they could spend the easily earned dollars. This boosted the number of freshly established casinos, where nothing could compare with the mesmerizing game with numbers and jumping on the wheel ball. Yes, the Roulette provided them with extended hours of pleasure while waiting for the small white ball to decide if they won or lost.

The Americans were attracted by the simplicity of the rules and the prospect of winning, relying only on personal luck (at first glance). But the American casino owners were greedier than their European counterparts. They quickly came up with their own variant of the Roulette - 28 numbers instead of 36 and 3 sectors for the banker: 0, 00, and American Eagle. Despite growing revenues, the American casinos could not avoid the increasing number of outraged players because of the large house edge over the players in this Roulette model. So, gradually the Roulette in the United States returned to its version with 36 numbers and 00.

The Modern days Roulettes.

The Modern days RoulettesIt is precisely due to the game's simplicity and pure style why that Roulette invaded the whole world. There are multiple versions of the game, all immensely popular:

  • 1) American Roulette (which still has 00);
  • 2) French Roulette (with only 0 on the wheel, plus the rule 'prison,' enabling losing just half of the bet);
  • 3) European (with just a 0); and
  • 4) Zero Edge - No Zero Roulette (not containing 0).

As a result of the technological progress already in the ’70s of the 20 century via electronic sensors, the possibility to control the movement of the Roulette wheel was to provide the much-needed transparency and prevent wrongful actions by casino staff.

For many years the Roulette was the most popular form of entertainment in the land-based casinos, but in the second half of the 20 century, slot machines pushed through their way to number one on the industrial scale. However, even today, nobody contests the refine and exalting atmosphere of the Roulette table: the velvet fabric on the table, a stack of chips, and the captivating revolving of the wheel of fortune.

Online Roulette or passion for home entertainment

The last bit in the history of Roulette's evolution is the spread of Internet gambling to create the first online casinos. Nowadays, many gamblers - fans of online Roulette prefer to enjoy the game in their home environment than to go to the actual gambling establishment. The online casinos of the 21st century offer Virtual (HD) Roulette, Online Life Roulette, and Omni-Channel Roulette.

The casinos' software is constantly improving, and presently the complex mathematical algorithms underlying the random number generator (RNG) can guarantee in all respects that no outside factors can influence the drop of a number in a virtual Roulette.

Where to play?

  • Play over 5300 games at Fastpay Casino, the best gambling site in Canada. You will be pleased with the excellent customer care, VIP bonus program for loyal players and super-fast withdrawals (1-5 minutes.)

Choose the TOP online casino in Canada 2021

Written by Kamen Valev
Add comment