Gambling in Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt - Nile Valley civilization arose in the fourth millennium BC. This civilization keeps many secrets of this ancient land. Its name "Kemet" ("black earth") which means "mystery, a mystery," And the people are often called it Ta-Meri - "the land of love." Unique culture based on religion. Egyptians thousands of years ago had no doubt that our Earth is a sphere. Grandiose irrigation system is the first stone of the building, unsurpassed technique of embalming and tremendous knowledge in the field of applied mathematics. Doctors, scientists, builders and philosophers are the commitment of the gambling inhabitants of ancient Egypt in no way inferior to residents of Mesopotamia and Persia. This assertion is beyond doubt, gambling pyramid builders confirmed by many facts. It is very interesting in this regard, the myth that the modern calendar came thanks to gambling Gods. The text tells the story of this event is made on a clay tablet, older than 5,000 years old, found during excavations of the pyramid of Cheops. This confirms that the gambling existed in ancient Egypt, even at a very early stage of the civilization.
God of sky, against the will of the supreme God Ra of sun secretly married his brother God of the earth Geba. Angered by their insolence sunny Ra ordered their father, the God of air Shu, immediately separate the wayward spouses. Lovers struggle resisted the separation and as a result of disasters occurred in this case formed islands and continents, climbed mountains and the river flowed. However, resistance doesn`t work, and Nut was sent up and formed the sky, and Geb has remained at the bottom, forming the ground. Believing that this punishment is not enough Ra, and condemned the willful goddess spell under which she could not conceive a child for all 360 days of the year. Wanting to help the God of love of the knowledge and wisdom He (Teuta of Illyria) invented the game Senet. Well, after all quite simple. He persuaded the moon God Khonsu play Senet, making bets as one seventy-second of the lunar year. The result of the match and became the modern calendar, in which the solar year has 365 days, and the moon respectively 355. Won 5 days, are not subject to the curse of Ra, he gave the goddess Nut, resulting in the pantheon of Egyptian Gods were Osiris, web, Isis, Nephthys, and Horus, and the inhabitants of an ancient Egypt got a new gambling.
Gambling in Ancient Egypt those days gambling spread not only in ancient Egypt. Remotely resembling backgammon, "Senet" is unlikely to be their ancestor, the idea of such games is quite simple and with slight variations they are present in many nations. Tyau is too ancient Egyptian, but more "folksy" game, the game of ancient India "Thaayyam" and "Pachisi" Arab game "tab", common among the Bedouin Sudana. He is certain that the prototype was the Sumerian Seneta game, found in the royal tombs of the city Ur (Mesopotamia).
Do have survived many artifacts associated with gambling in ancient Egypt? During archaeological excavations at Thebes found dice made from elephant tusks in 1573 BC Among the findings met bones, whose size is not inferior to a tennis ball, and they resembled the shape of the ball of the large number of faces. In the British Museum there is a fresco depicting the ancient Egyptians during the game "ATEP" the essence of which is that two stood with their backs to each other player shows a certain number of fingers, and the other is trying to guess. Third party accepts bets and monitors compliance with the rules (one player is not spying, and the second doesn`t change the number of fingers) .There is on display board for the game of checkers, which belonged to Queen Hatasu (1600 BC).
Existed in ancient Egypt gambling "HUB-EM-how", during which the players had to throw into the copper bowl special discs. The Rules provide for the throw in a specific sequence, and they were made with different distances as you complete a series of shots, the requirements become more complex (increasing the distance from which you throw), and the win in case of success increased. An ancient bowl game can be seen in the museum in Cairo.
Many museum exhibitions include numerous papyri dating from about 3000 - 4000 BC, and containing the texts of laws aimed at curbing the spread of the gambling in ancient Egypt. According to them, especially ardent fans passion for «corrections» was sent to forced labor in the quarries, which at that time was not unlike the death penalty. The fact that the publication of these laws says that by the time they were written about all sections of the society of Ancient Egypt.